They use a special sense called echolocation (biosonar) to hunt and to help them ‘see’ their underwater world. Narwhals can only hold their breath for up to 25 minutes underwater. Blue whales have long, slender greyish-blue bodies, which appear blue underwater. Sperm whales are toothed whales, while right whales are baleen whales. Blue whales are known as baleen whales i.e. Baleen whales do not echolocate but they do make sounds to communicate with one another, display and attract mates, repel rivals and establish territories. Spade-toothed Whale. Here we have a look at the top 10 coolest types of whales on the earth and what makes them so special. These whales have a large “tusk” from a protruding canine tooth that can be as long as 9 feet that appear as a long spear. Large groups of baleen whales are generally uncommon. Baleen Whales and Toothed Whales both have species that are at risk of extinction though due to reduced numbers. by The species was identified from a skull found on the Mediterranean coast of France. Its brain is the largest known of any species in the entire animal kingdom. These are the 10 types of whales in the world. Kan Dail Their skin is wrinkled and they have a narrow lower jaw, lined with teeth. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. They are one of the most well known types of whales thanks to their being held captive in marine aquariums where they are taught to perform tricks. This is the whale referred to in "Moby Dick!" Top 10 Most Strange Things to fall from Outer Space, Top 10 Most Famous Ancient Egyptian Monuments, 20+ Different Types of Snakes In The World, 20+ Different Types of Hummingbirds In The World, 10 Different And Beautiful Types of Birds. Gray whales make one of the longest annual migrations and can travel about 10,000 miles. Toothed whale, (suborder Odontoceti), any of the odontocete cetaceans, including the oceanic dolphins, river dolphins, porpoises, pilot whales, beaked whales, and bottlenose whales, as well as the killer whale, sperm whale, narwhal, and beluga whale. Whales are classified under the order Cetacea, and there are about 84 species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises in this order. The right whale and bowhead whale family is made up of three right whale species and the bowhead whale. The distinguishing features of these whales are the very large teeth, which are about 9 inches in length. The variety of foods these marine animals consume can vary greatly from one species to the next. Dolphins and porpoises all have teeth and rather confusingly are known as ‘toothed whales’ too! Killer whales are toothed whales and top carnivores in their food chain. Gray whales undertake the longest migrations by a mammal species. Also known as Orcas from their Latin name. The beluga whale and narwhal are both unique toothed whales living in cold, arctic waters; together they make up the ‘white whale’ family. Almost 90% of all types of whale, dolphin and porpoise are toothed whales and most of them are small dolphins and porpoises; a notable exception is the largest of all toothed whales, the sperm whale who is an honorary ‘great whale’. Right whales and bowhead whales are slow swimmers; they skim feed or graze using their impressively long baleen plates to filter food from seawater. Whales face numerous threats from whaling, collisions with shipping, entanglement in nets and pollution. Rough-toothed dolphins do not swim as quickly as other types of dolphins. Modern baleen whales, Balaenopteridae (rorquals and humpback whale, Megaptera novaengliae), Balaenidae (right whales), Eschrichtiidae (gray whale, Eschrictius robustus), and Neobalaenidae (pygmy right whale, Caperea marginata) all have derived characteristics presently unknown in any cetothere and vice versa (such as a sagittal crest). Adopt a whale and help us protect these amazing creatures. Some species of beaked whale have never been sighted alive. The Humpback whale is a medium-length baleen whale that can grow as long as 16 m. They are called so as they raise and bend their backs to dive in the water that makes a hump in front of the dorsal fin. Another obvious difference between baleen and toothed whales is the number of blowholes on top of their head; baleen whales have two whereas toothed whales have one. They are the most widely distributed of all the beaked whales. They are amongst the most intelligent creatures on Earth; they have large brains, show complex behaviour including the ability to teach others and learn from one another. October 7, 2020, 12:30 am, by Kan Dail Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus) is the largest toothed whale. The spade-toothed whale was seen for the first time after a mother and her male calf died on a New Zealand beach. They are found in deep water of all oceans and can dive to incredible depths of over 3000m; they hunt giant squid. Cuvier’s beaked whale is also known as the Goose-beaked whale. The Spade-toothed whale is a very little-known species of whales. Even though it is smaller than the largest baleen whales, it matches the size of most Baleen Whales and is larger than many of them. Another characteristic that differentiates baleen whales from toothed whales is a pair of blowholes they have (other types of whales only have a single blowhole). Huge volumes of seawater are strained through the baleen plates which sieve and retain little sea creatures in huge quantities. They are good divers and can vocalize when on migrations. Over time their name was changed to “killer whales.” A typical killer whale has a large, black-and-white body with a medium-sized white eye patch close to the eye. They have broad, paddle-like flippers. Among these marine mammals, there are two groups: baleen and toothed. With such a myriad of species and features, whales are one of the most intriguing creatures in nature. Currently the scientific committee of the International Whaling Commission divides the toothed whales into ten families, consisting of seventy species. These are the coolest types of whales existing all over the world. They have a bumpy dorsal ridge and no dorsal fin. These whales are found worldwide. Their baleen plates or ‘whale bones’ are made from a material similar to human fingernails and animal horns; they are strong, flexible and feathered at the edges, rather like bristles on a brush. It is the largest of the toothed whales—also called odontocetes—reaching a length of 60 feet in males and 40 feet in females. Extensive hunting of whales has led to their diminishing triggering anti-whaling debate. Consist of ten families, including dolphins. Your email address will not be published. Baleen whales are grouped into four families: rorqual; right; gray; and pygmy right whale. These whales have a large “tusk” from a protruding canine tooth that can be as long as 9 feet that appear as a long spear. Here is a list of the different types of baleen whales, their characteristics and behavior plus Dolphin, any of the toothed whales belonging to the mammal family Delphinidae (oceanic dolphins) as well as the families Platanistidae and Iniidae, the two that contain the river dolphins. Toothed whales have teeth and they actively hunt fish, squid and other sea creatures. The Blue Whale is the largest land mammal that can be up to 95 ft in length! Kan Dail There are two different types of whales: toothed whales (odontoceti) and baleen whales (mysticeti). Toothed whales, as the name suggests, have teeth, which are used to hunt and eat squid, fish, and seals. Toothed whales have, well, teeth, while baleen whales have "baleen plates instead, which act like sieves and filter prey from seawater. Today, there are several species of whales listed … Its body color is grayish. Most of the space inside their head is dedicated to the oil-filled spermaceti organ which serves to enhance their echolocation skills. Kan Dail The Pacific Gray Whale is one of the animal kingdom’s great migratory animals that dwell in The Pacific Ocean. Baleen whales have baleen plates, or sheets, which sieve prey from seawater. Learn all the different names of the whales with this video. The pygmy right whale family like the gray whale, has a single member! It lives in open water and feeding mostly on smaller whales in the sea. This whale has a dark greyish slate colour with white patches on its body. Seventy-three species of toothed whales are described. The largemouth is up to 10 feet wide and 20 feet deep. Toothed whales have teeth, but some – such as Baird’s beaked whale – have tusks, while the narwhal has a long spiraled horn, much like the mythical unicorn. So here it is, a list of toothed whales: Sperm whale Pygmy sperm whale Dwarf sperm whale. These whales have long, white, wing-like flippers that are often as long as one-third of the animal’s body length. The baleen whale solution to this is to feed in cold water feeding areas for as long as possible in the summer months and then swim to warm, calm water nursery areas. They are grey at birth and whiten as they grow older; adult belugas are a brilliant white and adult narwhals vary from almost white to mottled grey.