According to Vines [ 191 ] and Weber and Wittman [ 197 ], several varieties of Russian-olive are known in cultivation, and differ primarily in leaf size and shape [ 191 ]. More upright (to 1012 feet high and wide) than its parent, with thornless branches. There are several other species and varieties of elaeagnus, all much less common than this standard one. 1. The Silverthorn is also closely related to the Autumn Olive and Russian Olive, both of which have edible fruit as well (E. umbellata, E. Accent in shrub border. angustifolia: narrow leaved. The currently accepted name for Russian-olive is Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Elaeagnaceae) [46,51,74,87,93,94,98,107,161,194,197,198]. Red fruit makes good jelly. Dry, sweet and mealy. Elaeagnus angustifolia â Oleaster (southern Europe, central Asia) Habit: Asymmetrical large shrub or small tree, 6-8 m tall, 4-6 m wide; crooked stem; branches steeply or vertically upright; the thorny twigs are more spread out, some arching; medium to fast-growing. The fruit contain one large seed that can be up to 0.4 in. Elaeagnus angustifolia can tolerate a wide range of harsh environmental conditions such as flood, severe drought, stony, sandy and high salinity or alkalinity of the soils . Epub 2019 Sep 9. Performs poorly in humid summer climates, however, and is not recommended for planting in the deep South (south of USDA Zone 7). E. angustifolia fruits are used traditionally for treatment of osteoarthritis. It is a small, usually thorny, deciduous tree or large shrub that is typically grown for its silvery foliage, small fragrant yellow flowers, olive-like fruit and ease of cultivation. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Best in light, sandy loams in full sun. Leaves and branchlets with only silvery scales; expanded floral tube (i.e., beyond the constriction around the ovary) less than twice as long as the lobes; fruiting pedicels not conspicuously expanded distally, clearly shorter than the fruit. autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) â¢ Widespread invasive shrub or small tree â¢ Blooms late May, fruits September - November â¢ Fruit round to oval, 0.25â, red to pink (occasionally orange), soft, juicy, covered in silvery scales â¢ Leaves silvery below â¢ Flowers cream colored, fragrant. The extensive geographical range of oleaster from the Mediterranean to northern Russia with wide variety of environmental conditions indicates its high adaptability. Small, fragrant spring flowers followed by bright orange-red, inches-long berries on 1 inches stalks; fruit is edible but tart, loved by birds. Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive berry) and Elaeagnus multiflora (goumi berry) are also in this family. Russian olive, Russian olive, oleaster. RUSSIAN OLIVE (Elaeagnus angustifolia) - Duration: 2:07. Bloom Description: Silver-white (outside) and yellow (inside). Elaeagnus angustifolia NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive, silver berry, oleaster, Persian olive, or wild olive, or commonly referred to as senjid or sinjid in Afghanistan and senjed in Iran, is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Afghanistan, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey and Iran. In Greece, it is sweetish-acid and mealy when ripe. Fruit is also attractive to wildlife. 2020 Jan 10;246:112229. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2019.112229. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, 4â9 cm (1 1â2â3 1â2 in) long and 1â2.5 cm (3â8â1 in) broad, with a smooth margin. In the present study, the effects of E. angustifolia fruit extract on the acute and chronic phases of formalin-induced rat paw edema were examined. Description. Elaeagnus angustifolia â Oleaster (southern Europe, central Asia) Habit: Asymmetrical large shrub or small tree, 6-8 m tall, 4-6 m wide; crooked stem; branches steeply or vertically upright; the thorny twigs are more spread out, some arching; medium to fast-growing. (1 cm) long within. Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit as a popular plant in Iranian ..... dissertation). ... Silverberry (Eleagnus x ebbingei) - the first ripe fruit in Germany (February-May) - Duration: 5:50. Elaeagnus growing in pots appreciate a moist, but well-drained soil. Also tolerates wind, summer heat and saline conditions. J Ethnopharmacol. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Elaeagnus was explored and human health-related nutrients identiï¬ed.Results and discussion. It can fix Nitrogen. angustifolia.) 1. Although grown as a small ornamental tree, the Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is considered invasive in certain parts of the United States. Olive Ol ive, n. [F., fr. Canker and verticillium wilt are serious problems in some areas. Its fruit is like a berry, about ½ inch long, and is yellow when young (turning red when mature), dry and mealy, but sweet and edible. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. Background plant. (1988) p 177(209) Parts Shown: Leaf Photo. Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit commonly called Wild olive, Silverberry, Russian olive, or oleaster is a species of Elaeagnus native to Iran (commonly called Senjed), western and central Asia .