The use of turmeric is prohibited in a house of mourning. An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The rhizome (underground stem) is thick and ringed with the bases of old leaves. The Yoruba name for ginger is ata ile while turmeric is called ata ile pupa because of its bright colour. Specific Gravity: 0.916 to 0.936. For one technique in Calcutta, turmeric and Fuller's earth (a clay that removes impurities) was used. Cultivation The rhizomes should be potted on as soon as the shoots are 5 cm high, into shallow 15 cm pots. Other acids that were used include sour milk, dried mango in water or tamarind water.Turmeric is also mixed with other dyes to make different colours. Turmeric known as Curcuma longa is a native to Asia and India. (ed.) Dominican Republic, In dry weather plants will benefit from being lightly misted daily with rainwater.During autumn, watering should be reduced, and plants should be kept fairly dry over winter, when they will need more light. Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Editorial: curcumin: recent insights, novel developments, new challenges. Hence, scientific name of Turmeric is used worldwide. To prepare the yellow dye, the dried or fresh rhizomes are ground to a paste with water. Trade Name: Turmeric: Common Name: Haldi: Botanical Name: Curcuma longa: Family: Zingiberaceae: Synonyms: Curcuma domestica, Haridra: Part used: Rhizome: Product nature Guinea-Bissau, Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). In Hindu wedding ceremonies, brides would rub turmeric over their bodies. Turmeric Uses and Benefits as a Medicinal Herb. It contains yellow pigments called curcuminoids. Externally, the dried rhizome has been applied to fresh wounds and insect stings and to help the healing process in chickenpox and smallpox. Flavour and common names of turmeric. Assam, Extracts have been added to creams as a colouring agent, and traditionally women would rub turmeric into their cheeks to produce a golden glow. It should … Its rhizome (underground stem) is used as a culinary spice and traditional medicine. Now synthetic dyes tend to be used instead, but these can be harmful to the skin. This publication is not copyrighted and is in the public domain. Turmeric can only be grown indoors in temperate regions and is a little tricky to at first, but once the dormancy of the rhizome has been broken it is easy to grow as a houseplant. (eds.) Flora Vitiensis Nova. Sumatera, Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283. In an alkali solution, it will turn red, but if acid is added to neutralise the alkali then the colour will change to yellow. India is the biggest producer, supplying some 20,000 t each year (94% of the world's demand). Turmeric(Curcuma longa)(हल्दी) Turmeric is an essential spice that is commonly used in the kitchen every where in india. Natural Medicines website. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Congo, Turmeric is also used to make a yellow paint for various folk painting traditions in Madhya Pradesh. We encourage you to discuss any decisions about treatment or care with your health care provider. Botanical and Common Names Family Zingiberaceae Curcuma longa syn. & Eldredge, L.G. Turmeric should not be confused with Javanese turmeric root (Curcuma zedoaria). Accessed at on December 27, 2019. Few people still use traditional dyeing techniques in South Asia, but turmeric dye gives a yellow colouring to silk, cotton and wool. Sindhi Name: Halda. What Is Complementary, Alternative, or Integrative Health? Family Name: Zingiberaceae. It is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and, like ginger, is considered a spice. Refractive Index: 1.502 to 1.513. On the identity of tumeric: the typification of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 157: 37-46. Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). These additives give turmeric an orange-red color instead of its native gold-yellow, and such conditions led the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to issue import alerts from 2013 to 2019 on turmeric originating in India and Bangladesh. Here are the top health benefits of Black Turmeric. However, adulteration of true turmeric by C. aromatica and C. zedoaria can be detected by chemical methods. In Unani medicine, turmeric has been used for conditions such as liver obstruction and jaundice and has been applied externally for ulcers and inflammation. is there a supplement i can take it with to avoid the nausea. It is reported that washing in turmeric improves skin tone and reduces hair growth. if so name/dosage of it." A compound in turmeric is thought to help lower swelling. Dried and spirit-preserved specimens of Curcuma longa are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. Illnesses, such as a toothache, are just one of the back Turmeric’s most common uses. "only turmeric formula helps my severe pain yet i get nausea. Little is known about whether it’s safe to use turmeric in amounts greater than those commonly found in food while breastfeeding. (eds.). Yuncker, T.G. 2004-09-16. Turmeric is sterile (does not produce seed, but it does grow vigorously from the rhizomes). Nelson Sutherland, C.H. Turmeric is an important yellow food dye and is added to many Indian dishes including curries. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis & Hawthorne, W.D. Duplication is encouraged. & Marhold, K. (2010). Pitcairn Is., Cuba, Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82. Ahmed, Z.U. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew, Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia Dried rhizomes are polished to smooth their exterior and to improve the colour. Trinidad-Tobago, A prelimanary checklist of the Zingiberaceae of Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 24: 35-49. Curcuma aromatica (common name: wild turmeric) is a member of the genus Curcuma belonging to the family Zingiberaceae. Latin Names: Curcuma longa, synonym Curcuma domestica; Curcuma aromatica. Common Name: Turmeric Scientific Name: Curcuma longa Other Names: Kasturi Manjal, Curcuma, Turmeric Root, Yu Jin, Safran Bourbon, Indian Saffron, Pian Jiang Huang. The rhizomes are cooked, dried and then ground to produce the strongly coloured, aromatic powder.Ground rhizomes are used to make turmeric oil that is used in the industrial production of flavouring for curries. Published on the Internet at and Common name (s) Turmeric, curcumin, haldi (Hindi), jiang huang (Chinese) Some of these are retained for replanting as a future crop. Dosage: Infusion: 1 teaspoon per cup of water; or 1:0.85 fresh strength liquid extract: 10-40 drops 1-4 times per day.. In Buddhism yellow is the colour of the Bodhisattva Ratnasambhava. It was introduced to Jamaica in the 18th century. Smith, A.C. (1979). Given below, is a list of the popularly known names of this spice. NCCIH is funding research to determine whether and how curcuminoids may be converted in bone tissue into substances that may have effects on bone diseases. & Celis, M. Turmeric was reputed to improve complexion of the skin and has been applied externally to remove hair, act as a tonic and alleviate itching. Because the actions of turmeric and its components in people are complex and not well understood, no clear conclusions have been reached about whether these substances have benefits for health conditions. Orange signifies sacrifice, renunciation and courage. Contact may cause an allergic skin reaction in some people. ADULTS BY MOUTH:. The Clearinghouse does not provide medical advice, treatment recommendations, or referrals to practitioners. Plants grown this way will not yield much useful turmeric, although the leaves can be used for flavouring. Turmeric, a plant in the ginger family, is native to Southeast Asia and is grown commercially in that region, primarily in India. Telugu Name: Pasupu. Botanical Name: Curcuma longa L.; Organic: 100% Organic; Plant Part: Root; Form: Powder; Common Name: Turmeric Legal Disclaimer Statements regarding dietary supplements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. Curcuma: English: Turmeric. Turmeric has been shown to have anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, to which can be added possible anti-ulcer, wound-healing, liver-protective and anti-cancer properties. The rhizome is the part that is most widely used. The common name is widely used everywhere. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. The growing plants require heavy application of manure to get the best yield.Turmeric is ready for harvesting 7 to 10 months after planting, when the lower leaves turn yellow. Various shades of yellow can be made, depending upon which other ingredients are used and how much turmeric is added. Turmeric has been used in India for at least 2,500 years. New Guinea, Réunion, Malaya, The essential medicinal chemistry of curcumin. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. MIM, Deurne. Funk JL. Many of its traditional uses are supported by scientific evidence. Roasted turmeric has been used as an ingredient of a preparation used to treat dysentery. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 1: 1-495. Cultivation of this plant is quite common in the tropics. Philippines, Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia. Turmeric, (Curcuma longa), perennial herbaceous plant of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), the tuberous rhizomes, or underground stems, of which have been used from antiquity as a condiment, a textile dye, and medically as an aromatic stimulant.Native to southern India and Indonesia, turmeric is widely cultivated on the mainland and in the islands of the Indian Ocean. 1. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Vietnam, India is the world's largest producer, consumer and exporter of turmeric. It is often difficult to identify these species by microscopic examination of the powder. Today, turmeric is widely cultivated throughout the tropics. Fiji, It has always been considered an auspicious material in the subcontinent, both amongst the Aryan cultures (mostly northern) and the Dravidian cultures (mostly southern), and its value may extend far in history to the beliefs of ancient indigenous peoples. Bangladesh, This explains why both look alike and are called similar Yoruba names. A paste made from the flowers is applied topically to treat ringworm, gonorrhea, and parasitic skin diseases (Quattrocchi, 2012). Common Names in India. It should not be used during pregnancy. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Propagation Fresh, plump, juicy looking rhizomes should be selected from raw turmeric sold for food. Specimens of Curcuma longa , including leaves, wood, fruit slices, rhizomes, powder and oil, are held in Kew's Economic Botany Collection. 17.3.7 Curcuma longa [Distribution: Southeast Asia (Native); Family: Zingiberaceae, Common Names: Turmeric] Curcuma longa a perennial plant is a common culinary ingredient in many parts of Asia and is also known for its therapeutic applications such as an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory blood purifying, and wound-healing agent. The plant reaches barely three feet in height and produces both a flower and a rhizome, or stem that … Turmeric and curcumin have a variety of interesting biological activities, but they’re challenging to study because curcumin is unstable (it easily changes into other substances) and has low bioavailability (not much of it reaches the bloodstream) when it’s taken orally. Leong-Skornicková, J., Sída, O., Wijesundara, S. & Marhold, K. (2008). To make green, cloth can be dyed yellow with turmeric and then blue with indigo ( Indigofera tinctoria ) or vice versa. Yellow and orange are both special colours in Hinduism, yellow being associated with Vishnu, and as the colour of the space between chastity and sensuality. Turmeric is used in the laboratory alongside litmus paper, which turns blue in the presence of bases and red in the presence of acids. Turmeric has also been used in tooth powder or paste. New Caledonia, The fresh juice taken regularly on an empty stomach has been used to prevent stomach disorders. (2006). Turmeric is a low-growing tropical herbaceous plant, which forms many long thin rhizomes. Sirirugsa, P., Larsen, K. & Maknoi, C. (2007). They should be kept damp and warm, in a slightly shaded position and fed weekly during the growing season with general-purpose liquid fertiliser. Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221. Plant sources Asian and Caribbean shops often sell fresh turmeric, although the quality is variable: sometimes if it has been airfreighted in cold temperatures the rhizomes fail to develop shoots, or they may have been treated by dormancy-inducing chemicals.Turmeric plants are available from a number of nurseries. Overview: An upright, perennial herb to about 1 m tall. Easter Is., Nicobar Is., Hawaii, As turmeric and other spices are commonly sold by weight, the potential exists for powders of toxic, cheaper agents with a similar color to be added, such as lead(II,IV) oxide ("red lead"). Édisud, Aix-en-Provence. sept. 2005: 1-158. Turmeric is a main ingredient of curry powder. Cambodia, Turmeric is a common spice and a major ingredient in curry powder. Rhizomes are then washed. (2013). Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. Description Turmeric comes from the root of the Curcuma longa plant which is a perennial plant that is part of the ginger family. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. Turmeric is also cultivated extensively in Bangladesh, China, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. Borneo, Having an earthy odour, turmeric has a pungent flavour. Turmeric is associated with fertility and prosperity and considered to bring good luck if applied to a bride's face and body, as part of the ritual purification before a wedding. Habitat: Turmeric has its origins most likely in India but today it is common throughout Southeast Asia, China, and southern Australia but can be found in most tropical regions of the world. It is not intended to substitute for the medical expertise and advice of your health care provider(s). Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento. Take charge of your health—talk with your health care providers about any complementary health approaches you use. Selective depletion and enrichment of constituents in “curcumin” and other. Rhizomes with a little tooth-like bud on one side should be chosen. (2006). Queensland, Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. In: Coates PM, Betz JM, Blackman MR, et al., eds. Leeward Is., Much research has been done on substances from turmeric, but their health effects remain uncertain. Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai. Jawa, Imported into the United States in 2014 were approximately 5.4 million kilograms (12 milli… An unusual use for turmeric is in the chemistry laboratory. Turmeric roots may be given as a present on special occasions, such as a visit to a pregnant woman. The NCCIH Clearinghouse provides information on NCCIH and complementary and integrative health approaches, including publications and searches of Federal databases of scientific and medical literature. It is also added to pickles and can be used instead of saffron to add colour and flavour to rice. Turmeric dietary supplements are made from the dried rhizome and typically contain a mixture of curcuminoids. A hot water extract of the dried rhizome was reputed to have an abortion-promoting effect when taken orally or in the form of a pessary (when inserted into the vagina). It was recorded in China by 700 AD, East Africa by 800 AD and West Africa by 1200. Turmeric and conventionally formulated curcumin products are probably safe when taken orally or applied to the skin in the recommended amounts. (A) habit, flowering clump; (B) rhizome. Thailand, Pests Red spider mite can be an occasional problem in older plants: regular misting and keeping leaves well-washed will reduce this. The naming system adopted by OHAI (around 1976) mainly relies on the use of genus names (Curcuma is the genus involved here), and sometimes on other names, such as species names (e.g., zedoaria, from Curcuma zedoaria), or common names (e.g., ginger, another relative of turmeric and curcuma in the same plant family but different genus). The exact origin of Curcuma longa is not known, but it is thought to originate from South or Southeast Asia, most probably from Vietnam, China or western India. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class (1994). Studies show that the rhizomes contain compounds that may have therapeutic effects, which appear to support some of its uses in traditional medicine. Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. The genus Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae): distribution and classification with reference to species diversity in Thailand Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 59: 203-220. Marathi Name: halad. It is thought to have arisen by selection and vegetative propagation of a hybrid between wild turmeric (Curcuma aromatica), native to India, Sri Lanka and the eastern Himalayas, and some other closely related species. Turmeric is not widely used in Western medicine, but has been investigated as a treatment for some conditions. For hay fever. World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2003). The flowering plants of Mt. Species that have been used as a substitute include C. xanthorrhiza , C. aromatica and C. zedoaria .In Asian producing countries, these three species are used as a source of starch and dyes and in folk medicine as a substitute for true turmeric. Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. Improving bioavailability might lead to increases in harmful effects as well as desirable ones. Curcumin gives turmeric its yellow color. 2: 1-164. Turmeric has been used for many conditions in traditional medicine in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Turmeric is used for cooking and also as a colouring agent. In the 13th century Marco Polo wrote of this spice, marvelling at a vegetable that exhibited qualities so similar to saffron.Familiar to the contemporary world as a prime component of curry powder, the orange-yellow rhizome's striking colour lent it a special aura in ancient India. ; For depression. Cook Is., Traditionally when dyeing silk yarn, the yarn would first be dyed with turmeric to give a richer colour. Newborn babies had turmeric rubbed on their forehead for good luck, and they would be given a turmeric necklace to wear to keep away evil spirits.In India pieces of the rhizomes are added to water to make an infusion used in baths. Girmansyah, D. & al. Key producers of turmeric include India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Gulf of Guinea Is., Turmeric is known by different names in other languages. Turmeric is generally safe. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Pandey, R.P. Draughty locations should be avoided. Sri Lanka, Puerto Rico, Gilbert Is., They are sold in this form or ground into a powder. The genus Curcuma includes many other economically important species, including C. amada (mango ginger), C. angustifolia (wild arrowroot, narrow-leaved turmeric), C. aromatica (Cochin turmeric, wild turmeric) and C. zedoaria (zedoary). French : Curcuma, saffron des Indes: Hindi: Haldi: German : … (2012). Turmeric's common name in the north, haldi , derives from the Sanskrit haridra , and in the south it is called manjal , a word that is frequently used in ancient Tamil literature.Turmeric has a long history of medicinal use in South Asia, cited in Sanskrit medical treatises and widely used in Ayurvedic and Unani systems. & Dilwakar, P.G. Turmeric - Curcuma longa in the Zingiberaceae or Ginger family Part used: Rhizome.. Taste/smell: Bitter, pungent and aromatic.. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102. Another feature it shares with ginger is a showy flower (although the showy part is actually a bract, not the true flower), which means an additional use for the plant is as an ornamental. The tray should be placed in a clear plastic bag, and the bag sealed and kept warm, preferably with bottom heat, at 20°C, for at least three weeks. Botanically close to Curcuma australasica, wild turmeric has been widely used as a cosmetic herbal in South Asia and nearby regions. Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. & Diniz, M.A. Its resources include publications (such as Dietary Supplements: What You Need to Know), fact sheets on a variety of specific supplement ingredients and products (such as vitamin D and multivitamin/mineral supplements), and the PubMed Dietary Supplement Subset. Susruta's Ayurvedic compendium, dating to 250 BC, recommends an ointment containing turmeric to relieve the effects of poisoned food. Its rhizomes have traditionally been used both in food preparation and as a medicine. ODS seeks to strengthen knowledge and understanding of dietary supplements by evaluating scientific information, supporting research, sharing research results, and educating the public. NCCIH has provided this material for your information. Turmeric was probably cultivated at first as a dye and then became valued as a condiment as well as for cosmetic purposes.